Infertility affects some women for various reasons, but some see it as a problem that undermines women’s self-esteem. In India, where approximately 30 million women are infertile, they face discrimination and stigma for the rest of their lives.

Infertility in India


Women who undergo some problems due to infertility issues are more likely to experience mental distress, social exclusion, and, in the worst-case scenario, abandonment. Many parts of the country expect women to bear children naturally without the use of other methods (IVF and surrogacy), and when women choose to use any of the aforementioned techniques, they are shunned even more.

Infertility in Men

infertility in men

While infertility in women is frequently discussed, for many men, the same condition is an unseen source of distress. Women voluntarily test for fertility issues, whereas men never consider it because they are afraid of losing their self-esteem. Women who have ovarian and tubal disorders, as well as thyroid dysfunctions and mental health issues, are more likely to have fertility issues. Poor lifestyle, poor sperm quality, hormonal imbalance, and other factors contribute to the problem in men.

Why the stigma?

We know that infertility is a social stigma in India, but we don’t know why. Because of the life course theory. Life course theory, which women believe is their part of life, is conception, pregnancy, and childbirth.

When they fail to complete these tasks, they are ashamed and fear losing their dignity as a result of a judgmental society. Men and women will most likely experience mental health issues as a result of fertility issues. However, this is a much larger issue in India due to a lack of mental health education and therapists. Mental health, like infertility, is a stigmatised issue that prevents both men and women from seeking and receiving treatment.


It is past time for people to put aside their prejudices and work on developing new techniques that can help both men and women with fertility issues.

In-vitro fertilization

In-vitro fertilization (IVF) is a type of assisted reproductive technology that involves fertilizing an egg with sperm outside of the body, in a laboratory dish. The fertilized egg, or embryo, is then transferred to the woman’s uterus, where it may implant and result in a pregnancy. IVF is used to treat infertility in couples who are unable to conceive naturally or who have other fertility issues. It can be a complex and expensive process, but it has helped many couples achieve their dream of having a child. IVF may also be used in conjunction with other assisted reproductive technologies to improve the chances of success.

Benefits of In-Vitro fertilization

IVF offers a range of benefits to individuals and couples struggling with infertility. Firstly, it can be used to overcome a wide variety of fertility issues, including blocked or damaged fallopian tubes, low sperm count, and advanced maternal age. Additionally, IVF offers a higher success rate compared to other fertility treatments, and allows for genetic testing of embryos prior to implantation. Finally, IVF can also offer psychological benefits, giving individuals and couples struggling with infertility a greater sense of control over their reproductive choices.


Surrogacy is another option for women. Surrogacy is the practice of implanting a woman’s eggs and fertilised sperm into another woman’s womb, and the woman who voluntarily carries the baby is referred to as a surrogate mother. Because it involves a third party in the pregnancy process, this technique is highly discriminated against among Indians. Women can use this technique if they have medical issues or a career to focus on.

Benefits of surrogacy 

The benefits of surrogacy are numerous, including providing a pathway to parenthood for individuals and couples who are unable to conceive due to medical conditions or other factors. Surrogacy also allows for genetic linkage to the child, which can be important for some parents. In addition, surrogacy provides a safer and more controlled environment for pregnancy, reducing the risks of complications for both the surrogate and the child. Finally, surrogacy can provide a sense of empowerment and fulfillment for the surrogate, who is able to help others create a family.

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Adoption is the legal process by which a person or couple becomes the legal parent of a child who is not biologically their own. It is a means of providing a permanent family and home for a child who may not have one. Adoption can provide numerous benefits to both the adoptive parents and the child, including providing a stable and loving family environment, giving the child access to resources and opportunities they may not have had otherwise, and offering a sense of fulfillment to the adoptive parents. Adoption can be a complex and emotional process, but it can also be incredibly rewarding for all involved.There are many children in adoption centres who are waiting for a forever home. Adopting a child not only changes a parent’s life, but it also provides an orphaned child with a place to live and people to love.

Nonetheless, it is past time for Indians to accept people with fertility issues and encourage them to never feel bad about themselves.

Spreading awareness about men infertility

While it can be difficult to talk about, it is important to spread awareness about the issue in order to reduce the stigma and encourage more men to seek help.

One effective way to spread awareness about male infertility is to start a conversation. This can involve talking to friends, family members, or colleagues about the issue, and sharing personal experiences or stories of others who have struggled with infertility. Social media can also be a powerful tool for spreading awareness, as it allows for a wider reach and can help to connect individuals with resources and support groups.

Another way to raise awareness about male infertility is to organize or participate in events that focus on the issue. This can include walks, runs, or other fundraising events that benefit infertility research or support groups. Hosting educational seminars or workshops for men and their partners can also be a powerful way to increase awareness and encourage more people to seek help.

Finally, it is important to encourage men to seek medical help if they are experiencing infertility. This can involve talking to a primary care physician or a specialist in reproductive health, and exploring treatment options such as medication, surgery, or assisted reproductive technologies. By taking these steps, we can help to reduce the stigma and raise awareness about male infertility, and support men and their partners in their journey towards parenthood.

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