As the country evolves and people become more receptive to numerous new ideas, they are also adopting some of them for their own good. One example is conceiving a kid by unnatural methods. Surrogacy, adoption, and IVF are examples of these approaches. While we have some knowledge of the approaches stated, we must also understand the distinctions between them. This can also assist folks have a better understanding of the strategies and possibly employ them in the future.


In-vitro fertilisation

IVFIVF is an abbreviation for In Vitro Fertilisation, which is a sort of assisted reproductive technology (ART) intended to aid people or couples who are having difficulty conceiving a child. IVF is the process of fertilising eggs with sperm outside of the body, in a laboratory dish, and then transferring the resultant embryos into the uterus of the intended mother or a surrogate.


Method of IVF


Ovarian stimulation, egg retrieval, fertilisation, embryo culture, and embryo transfer are all milestones in the IVF procedure. The use of fertility medicines to stimulate the ovaries to generate numerous eggs is known as ovarian stimulation. Egg retrieval is a minimally invasive surgical technique that uses an ultrasound-guided needle to extract eggs from the ovaries under sedation or anaesthesia.


Depending on the quality of the sperm, the eggs are fertilized in a laboratory dish with sperm taken from the male partner or a donor, using either traditional insemination or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). The embryos that arise are then incubated in the laboratory for many days to allow them to develop and flourish.


Ultimately, the developing embryos are transported into the uterus of the prospective mother or surrogate via an ultrasound-guided thin catheter. Following the embryo transfer, the woman may be given drugs to help the embryos implant in her uterus.

IVF is a complicated and frequently costly operation that necessitates the careful monitoring and management of a team of medical specialists, including reproductive endocrinologists, embryologists, and nurses. While IVF is not always successful, it has assisted many couples who would not have been able to conceive and have children otherwise.


Benefits of IVF


IVF offers various advantages, including:


  • Overcoming infertility: IVF is an excellent treatment for couples who are unable to conceive for a variety of reasons, including blocked fallopian tubes, low sperm count, or endometriosis.
  • High success rate: IVF has a better success rate than other reproductive therapies such as intrauterine insemination (IUI). The success rate of IVF is determined by various factors, including the woman’s age, the quality of the eggs and sperm, and the experience of the fertility facility.
  • Genetic screening: IVF allows for the genetic screening of embryos before implantation. This aids in the detection of any genetic problems or chromosomal abnormalities in the embryos, increasing the likelihood of a healthy pregnancy and baby.
  • Control over timing: IVF gives couples more flexibility over the timing of their pregnancy. The menstrual cycle of a woman can be controlled to ensure that egg harvesting and embryo transfer occur at the optimal period for conception.
  • Donation eggs, sperm, or embryos: IVF gives possibilities for couples that require donor eggs, sperm, or embryos. Couples who are unable to conceive with their own eggs or sperm might nonetheless have a biological link to their kid.
  • Fertility preservation: IVF allows couples to save embryos for future use. This is advantageous for women who choose to postpone having children for personal or medical reasons, or for couples who wish to protect their fertility before receiving cancer therapies that may impair fertility.



surrogacy pregnancySurrogacy is the practice of a woman agreeing to bear and give birth to a child on behalf of another person or couple. The surrogate mother is the woman who bears the kid, while the intended parents are the ones who will raise the child after delivery.


Surrogacy is an option for those who are unable to produce a child for a variety of reasons, including infertility, medical issues, or same-sex couples who desire to have a biological child. The method consists of several processes, including medical and legal procedures, and it can be traditional or gestational surrogacy.


Types of surrogacy


Traditional surrogacy involves the surrogate mother being artificially inseminated with the intended father’s sperm, which implies she is genetically connected to the kid. Nevertheless, since gestational surrogacy has grown in popularity, this procedure is becoming less prevalent.


The surrogate mother carries a fertilised egg obtained by in vitro fertilisation in gestational surrogacy (IVF). The fertilised egg is formed using the intended parents’ or donors’ eggs and sperm, and it is then inserted into the surrogate mother’s uterus. The surrogate mother is not genetically connected to the kid in this approach.


Surrogacy may be a complicated procedure, and it is critical to have a formal legal agreement in place before beginning to ensure that all parties involved understand their rights and duties.


Benefits of surrogacy


Surrogacy advantages might vary based on the intended parents’ or persons seeking surrogacy’s personal scenario. Here are some of the possible advantages of surrogacy:


  • Biological connections: Surrogacy allows intending parents to establish a biological relationship with their kid. Depending on the circumstances, the intended mother can use her own eggs and the intended father can use his own sperm, or donor eggs or sperm can be utilised
  • Control over pregnancy: Intended parents have control over the pregnancy and may be involved in critical decisions such as prenatal care and diet, which can result in a healthy pregnancy and infant.
  • Parenthood opportunity: Surrogacy can enable those who are unable to carry a pregnancy or conceive naturally with the option to become parents.
  • Legal protection: Surrogacy agreements are legally recognized in some countries and give intended parents legal protection.
  • Emotional support: In many surrogacy agreements, the intended parents and surrogate have a close relationship, which may give emotional support and a great experience for everyone involved.
  • Decreased risk of medical issues: Surrogacy can lower the risk of pregnancy-related medical disorders such as gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and postpartum depression.



adoption centreAdoption is a legal procedure in which a person or couple becomes the legal parent(s) of a child who is not biologically related to them. Adoption is a viable alternative for couples or people who are unable or unwilling to have biological children. Adoption may be a gratifying way to grow a family, give a kid a stable home, and support a child in need.


Adoption can be completed through a variety of avenues, such as adoption agencies, private adoption attorneys, and foreign adoption agencies. Home studies, background checks, and other evaluations are often used to determine that the potential adoptive parent(s) are suitable to provide a caring and stable home for the kid.


Types of adoption


Adoption may be classified into three types: closed adoption, semi-open adoption, and open adoption. The birth parents have no contact with the adoptive family or the kid once the adoption is finalized in a closed adoption. The birth parents and adoptive family may interact through a third party, such as an adoption agency or attorney, in a semi-open adoption. The birth parents and adopted family maintain continuing contact and may even meet in person in an open adoption.


Benefits of adoption


Adoption may be beneficial to both the kid and the adoptive parent (s). Adoption gives a secure and caring home for the kid, as well as the opportunity to become a member of a family. Adoption fulfills the adoptive parent(s)’ desire to have children while also providing the chance to make a positive difference in the lives of a kid. Furthermore, for people or couples who are unable to have biological children, adoption may bring a feeling of satisfaction and purpose.


As a result of the three descriptions of each approach provided above, we can grasp the distinctions and procedures employed in each process. Although IVF focuses solely on implanting a fertilised egg into the mother’s womb, surrogacy needs surrogate mothers to carry the kid in her womb. Adoption is a completely different process than the previously described procedures and does not necessitate any type of medical procedure.


While many parents currently prefer IVF to conceive, the time-consuming and physically exhausting process makes it difficult for many people. Surrogacy and adoption, on the other hand, are very simple and quick processes. In the end of the day, it is up to the intended parents to select any way of starting or expanding their family.


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